is indicated for the treatment of the following dermatological infections: interdigital tinea pedis (Athlete’s foot), tinea cruris (jock itch) or tinea corporis (ring worm) due to susceptible organisms and planter tinea pedis (mocasin type) due to Trichophyton spp.
Terbinafine tablet is indicated for the treatment of onychomycosis of the toe nail or finger nail due to dermatophytes and also by non-dermatophyte fungi.
Drugs for subcutaneous and systemic mycoses, Topical Antifungal preparations
Terbinafine is an allylamine with a range of antifungal activity. It is fungicidal against dermatophytes, moulds and certain dimorphic fungi. Terbinafine is either fungicidal or fungistatic against yeasts, depending on the species. Terbinafine interferes with fungal ergosterol biosynthesis by inhibiting squalene epoxidase in the fungal cell membrane at an early stage. This leads to a deficiency in ergosterol and to intracellular accumulation of squalene, resulting in fungal cell death. Terbinafine is highly effective in fungal infections of the skin, hair and nails caused by Trichophyton spp., Microsporum spp. and Epidermophyton floccosum. It is also effective against yeast infections of the skin, principally those caused by the genus candida. Topical terbinafine appears to be effective in pityriasis versicolor due to Pityrosporum arbiculare.
Terbinafine cream to affected areas once or twice daily for 1-2 weeks may be adequate for fungal infections of the skin but certain infections may require oral Terbinafine tablet therapy.
Usual duration of treatment of Terbinafine cream:
- In Tinea corporis and Tinea cruris: 1-2 weeks.
- In Tinea pedis: 2-4 weeks (One week of treatment will normally suffice if the cream is applied twice daily.).
- In Cutaneous candidiasis: 1-2 weeks
- In Pityriasis (tinea) versicolor: 2 weeks.
To prevent relapses in fungal infection, treatment should be continued for a adequate length of time. To apply Terbinafine cream clean and dry the affected areas thoroughly and apply the cream once or twice a day to the affected skin and surrounding area in a thin layer and rub in lightly. In the case of intertriginous infections the application may be covered with a gauze strip, especially at night.
Terbinafine tablet is essential for hair or nail infections:
- The usual oral dose: Terbinafine 250 mg daily for 2 to 12 weeks depending upon the infection.
- Finger nail onychomycosis: Terbinafine 250 mg once daily for 6 weeks.
- Toe nail onychomycosis: Terbinafine 250 mg once daily for 12 weeks.
In vivo studies have shown that terbinafine is an inhibitor of the CYP450 2D6 isozyme. Drugs predominantly metabolized by the CYP450 2D6 isozyme include the following drug classes: tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, beta-blockers, antiarrhythmics class 1C (e.g., flecainide and propafenone) and monoamine oxidase inhibitors Type B. Co-administration of terbinafine should be done with careful monitoring and may require a reduction in dose of the 2D6-metabolized drug.
Hypersensitivity to Terbinafine or any of the excipients in the
: Abdominal discomfort, anorexia, nausea, diarrhoea, headache, rash and urticaria occasionally with arthralgia or myalgia. Less frequently taste disturbance. Rarely liver toxicity, photosensitivity, serious skin reactions etc.
Terbinafine Cream: Redness, itching, or stinging; rarely allergic reactions.
: There are no adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, and because treatment of onychomycosis can be postponed until after pregnancy is completed, it is recommended that terbinafine not be initiated during pregnancy. After oral administration, terbinafine is present in breast milk of nursing mothers. Treatment with terbinafine in not recommended in nursing mothers.
Terbinafine cream: Foetal toxicity and fertility studies in animals suggest no adverse effects. There is no clinical experience with terbinafine in pregnant women; therefore, unless the potential benefits outweigh any potential risk, terbinafine should not be administered. Terbinafine is excreted in breast milk and therefore mothers should not receive terbinafine treatment whilst breast-feeding.
is for external use only. Contact with eyes should be avoided.Good general hygiene is necessary in conjunction with the use of Terbinafine in order to prevent reinfection (eg. from underwear, socks,shoes etc).
Terbinafine tablet is not recommended for patients with chronic or active liver disease. Before prescribing terbinafine, pre-existing liver disease should be assessed. Hepatotoxicity may occur in patients with and without pre-existing liver disease. Pretreatment serum transaminase (ALT and AST) tests are advised for all patients before taking terbinafine tablets.
Clinical experience regarding overdose with terbinafine tablets is limited. Doses up to 5 grams (20 times the therapeutic daily dose) have been taken without inducing serious adverse reactions. The symptoms of overdose included nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dizziness, rash, frequent urination, and headache.
Use in Children
: Terbinafine cream appears to be an effective and well-tolerated treatmenr of tinea corposis and tinea cruris in children.
Use in Elderly: Terbinafine appears to be safe in the elderly. The dose should be reduced by half if significant hepatic or renal impairment is present.
Store in a cool and dry place, protected from light.